Please Remember Rainbow Farm on April 20th

Posted on March 28, 2014. Filed under: Attention, Uncategorized |


Originally posted on stevenhager420:

20010903-1-1 On Labor Day week-end, 2001, President George Bush was attending a Teamster Rally in Michigan, the first President to attend such an event and in his usual jovial, cocky mood. He spoke about his wife being on the tour with him, which he thought was a great idea. It was typical G.W., all mom, flag and apple pie.

A photo from the rally hit the national news and was published everywhere, showing a Arab-looking child holding an American flag looking up at Bush. When I wrote about the importance of 420 being a ceremony for peace, Brian MucCullough reminded me to light some candles for Tom and Rollie of Rainbow Farm, who were just a few miles away that day about to be assassinated by American soldiers.

Tom and Rollie were gay biker dudes when I met them, and really into weed and throwing massive parties. They showed up at…

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Welcome!

Posted on March 13, 2014. Filed under: Activists Opinions, ShereeKrider |


Originally posted on Coming Out Of The Cannabis Closet:

This blog is here in hopes of providing resources for those who are new to medical marijuana. When someone asked me if I had heard about cannabis and it’s healing properties for cancer, I was shocked and decided to research into it. I have to say, I feel like I have been an ostrich with it’s head in the sand! I had no idea about the healing benefits of cannabis.

.

I tend to be one who leans toward alternative and natural health measures instead of going the western medicine approach. So how come in all of my research for alternative health did I never read anything about cannabis?

After reading a few articles  I was hooked. I was glued to the computer for days. I saw people with so many different challenges being helped by this plant. I thought, ‘more people need to know about this!’ With that in…

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Beginning American History Clarified

Posted on January 23, 2014. Filed under: Activists Opinions, Rev. Mary Thomas-Spears | Tags: , , , , , , , , |


 

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January 22, 2014 at 12:28am

Written by:  Rev. Mary Thomas-Spears

mary

Though many believe that America is an independent Country or that the U.S. is an independent Nation this couldn’t be farther from the truth despite our 4th of July Celebration of Independence Day hi{story}.

WHILE YOU ARE READING THIS ARTICLE, “LISTEN TO THIS”:  http://privatis.me/images/audio/2013.12.12.privatis.me.51.Claim.Divine.Proportion.Details.mp3

Christopher Columbus delivered penal colonies = out cast of convicts and prisoners consisting of murderers and rapists… to the New Nation, because the Crown had divorced them.

How many of us understand or know that part of the story? This is one reason why that they had no problems with killing American Natives to take what they wanted.

While we have been taught that the founding fathers were here to divorce Great Britain… Nice twist isn’t it?

We were told the Boston Tea Party was about freeing us from Taxation with out representation handed down by the Crown through Imports also. Although we are now Double Taxed all the way to the grave through the Crown.

So how did this happen?

You should ask the Vatican.

You say you do not know what I am talking about… "through the Crown"?

I mean D.C. = District of Columbia as in British Columbia = the Crown.

It is all just an extension of, not independent of the "City of London" who owns the Crown which was established as an extension of the first corporation which was the Church of Rome

{the all seeing eye on the top of the Pyramid on the Dollar Bill}

 

which incorporated Pharaohs, Jesuits, Pagans… into so called Christians.

Of course the Crusades = the longest bloodiest war in history was being fought during that time of this incorporation.

Speaking of war, what about the battle our founders fought for independence?

War is expensive for some and profitable for others. As many of us have come to figure this  out,  so did they.

Which was right about the time they decided they needed one more Revolution, an Industrial one.

Once again, they disguised it, marketed it, and sold it as defending Freedom and basic Human Rights. Promising to Free the Slaves.

They made way for everyone including them = the newly freed slaves to become enslaved = YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE = U.S. CITIZENSHIP = DEATH on paper = CORPORATIONS = YOUR NAME TYPED IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS = CAPITAL = YOU INCORPORATED = PROPERTY or STOCK for the MARKET = COLLATERAL/SECURITY = SOCIAL SECURITY for the Nation’s War Debts….

This new STOCK also allowed those in Leadership to BORROW money from the Crown needed to rebuild the White House that had been burnt down by their Invading Troops.  This means they were no longer Independent of the Crown. As if they ever really were.

According to Congress which is the opposite of “progress”, they have been operating under a state of emergency every since = Martial Law.

File:DunmoresProclamation.jpg

As America has operated in a state of Incorporation with Great Britain = the Crown or the “City of London” every since as the “Corporation United States of America”.

This is just some of how U.S. Leaders have managed to Pass Unconstitutional Amendments and "BAR" the Constitution from the Court Room and why Judges wear black.

They know Dead Men/Wo/men = STOCK have no rights.

Attorney’s and Lawyers swear an Oath to the BAR which stands for "British Accreditation Registry" and that the BENCH = BANK in Latin.

Of coarse the Constitution contained a Trojan Horse that allowed all this to happen to begin with.

Let’s not forget that it established a Republic Nation which is an extension of Rome = Athens.

Before it was written America’s Leaders operated as a Federalist Republic. Which had nothing to do with the so called current Republic or Democracy.

It would be more accurate today to say that America is an Aristocracy, Oligarchy, or Plutocracy and that it is just one block in the Pyramid of Corporate Government built by the

Corporate Church of Rome. Each Corporation since is only an extension of the First.

 

 

DON’T BELIEVE ME = DO THE RESEARCH

A FEW PLACES TO START YOUR RESEARCH

http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3403000200.html

The rise of the prisoner trade:

From the time of Christopher Columbus, prisoners of various kinds figured in the exploration and colonization of the New World. Spain and Great Britain (among others) sent convicts to help settle North America; they also seized some indigenous peoples (Indians) to use as slaves. Starting with Portugal in the early sixteenth century, the major western European powers also imported African men, women, and children to serve as slaves in the Caribbean and American colonies.

http://www.nndb.com/people/033/000045895/
Columbus a known criminal

In 1488 he was invited by the king of Portugal, his "especial friend", to return to that country, and was assured of protection against arrest or proceedings of any kind (March 20): he had probably made fresh overtures to King João shortly before; and in the autumn of 1488 we find him in Lisbon, conferring with his brother Bartholomew and laying plans for the future. We have no record of the final negotiations of Columbus.

http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3403000200.html

The rise of the prisoner trade

From the time of Christopher Columbus, prisoners of various kinds figured in the exploration and colonization of the New World. Spain and Great Britain (among others) sent convicts to help settle North America; they also seized some indigenous peoples (Indians) to use as slaves. Starting with Portugal in the early sixteenth century, the major western European powers also imported African men, women, and children to serve as slaves in the Caribbean and American colonies.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Georgia_%28U.S._state%29
The Penal Colony of Georgia
Georgia was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe as a trustee colony and was named for King George II of Great Britain. Oglethorpe and a group of associates, many of whom had previously served with him on a prison reform committee, petitioned in 1730 to form the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America. The petition was finally approved in 1732, and the first group of colonists, led by Oglethorpe, departed for the New World in November.

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llac&fileName=016/llac016.db&recNum=494
The Practice of Penal Colonization Continues
the later part of the resolution, which proposes the removal of such persons as are dangerous to the peace of society, may be understood as compromising many to whom the preceding member does not apply.  Whether the Legislature intended to give it a more extensive import, or rather, whether it contemplated removing from the country any but culprits who were condemned to suffer death, I will not undertake to decide. But if the more enlarge construction of the resolution is deemed the true one it furnishes, in my opinion, a strong additional motive why the Legislature, is disposing of this great concern, should command an alternative of places. 

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llac&fileName=016/llac016.db&recNum=495
Under consent of Great Britain
Could we procure lands beyond the limits of the United States, to form a receptacle for these people ?
On our northern boundary, the country not occupied by British subjects is the of the Indian Nations, who’s title would have to be extinguished, with the consent of Great Britain, and the new settlers would be British subjects. 

 http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llac&fileName=016/llac016.db&recNum=496
In Compliance
,in compliance with the resolution on the 31st of December last, relative to purchases of lands without limits of the State, to which persons obnoxious to it laws or dangerous to the peace of peace of society may be removed.

http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2006/01/331629.shtml
The Boston Tea Party
It turns out the Boston Tea Party wasn’t about tax increases at all. It came about because a crony of the Crown, the East India Company, got a tax cut on its tea in the Tea Act of 1773, and this put all other small merchants at a disadvantage.The East India Company got its way because it was so huge and powerful.
The early history of the times
We learned that the Pilgrims arrived in America in 1620 on a boat named the Mayflower, but few of us know that they’d chartered the boat from the East India Company, the world’s largest and most powerful multinational corporation. The Mayflower, in fact, had already make the crossing between England to North America three times when the Pilgrims chartered it.
The East India Company was most responsible for the rise of England from a weak still-feudal state in the late 1500s to an international powerhouse by the mid-1600s. The Company was Queen Elizabeth I’s second attempt to use a corporation to catch up with the other European seafaring powers.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Tea_Party
In 1767, to help the East India Company compete with smuggled Dutch tea, Parliament passed the Indemnity Act, which lowered the tax on tea consumed in Great Britain, and gave the East India Company a refund of the 25% duty on tea that was re-exported to the colonies.[12] To help offset this loss of government revenue, Parliament also passed the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767, which levied new taxes, including one on tea, in the colonies.[13] Instead of solving the smuggling problem, however, the Townshend duties renewed a controversy about Parliament’s right to tax the colonies.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_taxation

Double taxation within the United States

Double taxation can also happen within a single country. This typically happens when subnational jurisdictions have taxation powers, and jurisdictions have competing claims. In the United States a person may legally have only a single domicile. However, when a person dies different states may each claim that the person was domiciled in that state. Intangible personal property may then be taxed by each state making a claim. In the absence of specific laws prohibiting multiple taxation, and as long as the total of taxes does not exceed 100% of the value of the tangible personal property, the courts will allow such multiple taxation

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporation
History of the Corporation

The word "corporation" derives from corpus, the Latin word for body, or a "body of people." By the time of Justinian (reigned 527–565), Roman Law recognized a range of corporate entities under the names universitas, corpus or collegium. These included the state itself (the populus Romanus), municipalities, and such private associations as sponsors of a religious cult, burial clubs, political groups, and guilds of craftsmen or traders. Such bodies commonly had the right to own property and make contracts, to receive gifts and legacies, to sue and be sued, and, in general, to perform legal acts through representatives. Private associations were granted designated privileges and liberties by the emperor.[10]

Entities which carried on business and were the subjects of legal rights were found in ancient Rome, and the Maurya Empire in ancient India.[11] In medieval Europe, churches became incorporated, as did local governments, such as the Pope and the City of London Corporation.

http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/corporation
The Corporation United States
6. Nations or states, are denominated by publicists, bodies politic, and are said to have their affairs and interests, and to deliberate and resolve, in common. They thus become as moral persons, having an understanding and will peculiar to themselves, and are susceptible of obligations and laws. Vattel, 49. In this extensive sense the United States may be termed a corporation; and so may each state singly. Per Iredell, J. 3 Dall. 447.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/07US-Govt-and-4081FC.pdf
Articles of Incorporation

In important ways, the Civil War settled key unresolved issues that had existed since

American independence. While the “peculiar institution” of slavery died along with (at least) 618,000 men on both sides of this great conflict, new and remarkable changes emerged from the ashes and gore. The most important of these was the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

The four authors in the materials that follow have attempted to convey the momentous changes this amendment brought to the subsequent political development of the United States. Dr. Wesley Phelan explains the how the Supreme Court has used the Fourteenth Amendment to gradually—and selectively—incorporate the protections afforded by the Bill of Rights to actions by state and local governments.

http://www.constitutionalcannabis.com/legalize–legal-lies.html
DUNS Numbers of the US Corporate Government
and Most of Its Major Agencies

United States Government-052714196
US Department of Defense (DOD)-030421397
US Department of the Treasury-026661067
US Department of Justice (DOJ)-011669674
US Department of State-026276622
US Department of Health & Human Services (HHS)-Office of the Secretary-112463521
US Department of Education-944419592,…

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greecevsrome/ss/GreecevsRome_7.htm

Basics on Government in Greece and Rome

Originally, kings ruled Athens; then an oligarchy (rule by the few), and then democracy (voting by the citizens). City-states joined together to form leagues that came into conflict, weakening Greece and leading to its conquest by the Macedonian kings and later, the Roman Empire.

Kings also originally governed Rome. Then Rome, observing what was happening elsewhere in the world, eliminated them. It established a mixed Republican form of government, combining elements of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, In time, rule by one returned to Rome, but in a new, initially, constitutionally sanctioned form that we know as Roman emperors. The Roman Empire split apart, and, in the West, eventually reverted to small kingdoms. [See Herodotus on monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy.]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Athens
Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for at least 7000 years. Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC laid the foundations of western civilization.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trojan_Horse
Athens Greece and their Trojan Horse
The Greeks pretended to sail away, and the Trojans pulled the horse into their city as a victory trophy. That night the Greek force crept out of the horse and opened the gates for the rest of the Greek army, which had sailed back under cover of night. The Greeks entered and destroyed the city of Troy, decisively ending the war.

http://friend7of7god.tripod.com/pharaohChrist.htm
Pharisees – priests of God knowledgeable in the resurrection of the dead, angels:
Pharisees perhaps real meaning is – Pharaoh-seers (pharaoh = palace/temple, seers = prophets) – knowledgeable in the religion of the Pharaohs. Paul proclaims Christianity is a Pharisees religion – Acts 23:6.

http://www.thematrixhasyou.org/13th-amendment/13th-amendment-secret-oath.html

BAR stands for British Accreditation Registry
The British Legal System Of Mixed Common And Roman Law Has Been Used To Enslave The USA!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_forms_of_government#Forms_of_government

The dialectical forms of government

Main article: Plato’s five regimes
The Classical Greek philosopher Plato discusses five types of regimes. They are aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy and tyranny. Plato also assigns a man to each of these regimes to illustrate what they stand for. The tyrannical man would represent tyranny for example. These five regimes progressively degenerate starting with aristocracy at the top and tyranny at the bottom.
In Republic, while Plato spends much time having Socrates narrate a conversation about the city he founds with Glaucon and Adeimantus "in speech", the discussion eventually turns to considering four regimes that exist in reality and tend to degrade successively into each other: timocracy, oligarchy (also called plutocracy), democracy and tyranny (also called despotism).

 

WATCH

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_committee300_12.htm
The Secret Rulers of The World
The source of most if not all our woes, revealed (from the present to the past): Connecting the dots through ~3000 years of revisionist human history, spanning from the time of the pharaohs, all the way up to the present dynasties creating the New World Order, in a quest to perfect the enslavement of mankind.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Yz15gr_L7s

5. The Secret Rulers of the World – Vatican Hoarding (5of29)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9b2-7QWx-44

Jordan Maxwell Real America 1 of 2

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uDMk16iBiA

Jordan Maxwell Real America 2 of 2

http://privatis.me/images/audio/2013.12.12.privatis.me.51.Claim.Divine.Proportion.Details.mp3

Claim Your Divine Proportion
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-LA-S64QY3o

Russell Means: Welcome To The Reservation

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JKG59NUdn8A&list=FLUDSpde0WW6_gZaK7_ckKiQ&index=199

REVEALED: The Secret of Christianity

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68LE-0yC2u4&list=FLUDSpde0WW6_gZaK7_ckKiQ&index=211

Recovering American Must See Video

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/llac_browse.html

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates

 

Annals of Congress:  List of Page Headings

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greecevsrome/ss/GreecevsRome_7.htm

http://www.thematrixhasyou.org/13th-amendment/13th-amendment-secret-oath.html

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_committee300_12.htm

http://www.constitutionalcannabis.com/legalize–legal-lies.html

*Edited by Sheree Krider


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We have to just say NO, to “drug testing”…

Posted on January 14, 2014. Filed under: Activists Opinions, ShereeKrider | Tags: , , , , , , , , |


pee-cup

While sitting here thinking of my friends in pain who are trapped into slavery thru the Corporations they work for via “workplace drug testing”…who are condemned to use ONLY narcotics via the pharmaceutical industrial complex via so called “pain clinic’s” and doctors who are trapped in the prescribing business AND the drug screening business, which is equal to drug trafficking via legal means, 

I am wondering why,

just why not say NO!

*The Feds cannot force you to take a drug test for employmentThey can and do force drug testing upon “pain patients” and parolees which is another issue of it’s own.

This is done by the Corporations themselves.  Insurance Companies are involved  as well of course the Corporations who make the “testing kits” and at the same time they are making “pass your drug test kits” which people run out and buy in order to succumb to the Industrial and Insurance related Complex.

WE HAVE TO JUST SAY NO…

Our Father’s and Grandfather’s went to war and lost their lives for our freedom by the thousands, and I could start a whole new issue on that subject alone, but I will save that for another day.

 

GATEWOOD GALBRAITH SPEECH

 

The question here is are we willing to consume less to have more freedom?

We can effectively turn the prohibition around and “prohibit” them from invading our privacy, and entering our property without a search warrant, (symbolically), just by refusing or saying NO to their test.

I have never passed a drug test for Cannabis/Marijuana.

I also have never failed one for any other non-prescribed drug.

Do not worry about passing your next drug test.

DO start looking for other ways and means of making an income such as working for small privately owned companies which are few and far between but do still exist.  You can also sub-contract yourself, or work independently. 

If you are lucky enough that you have already obtained a job and passed your drug test then just hope like hell you don’t get picked on too soon.

If you have not found a job yet, then DO NOT work for a company which is telling you that you must succumb to “random drug testing” or “pre-employment drug testing”. 

This could effectively be a type of “civil disobedience” which is actually legal to do.  Again, “just say no” to drug testing.

If EVERYONE followed this one rule, it would not take long for  “drug testing” to disappear much like the “inspection stickers” for vehicles in the 1980’s did in Kentucky when everyone was so poor they could not afford to make their vehicles pass the test.  Eventually  they gave up and ended it.  (Just imagine what would happen if all these people could not pay their electric bill for one month.  It is true that you would not have electric for that period of time but it is also true that the electric company would not be getting near as much income for that period of time).  Most people CAN survive without electric for a month.  That has been proven by the people themselves who have suffered loss due to storms, etc.,

If you are unemployable you have a reason to file for disability.  Not that you will be approved, but just think of the paperwork put upon the SSA if everyone that failed a drug test filed for disability.  And then when they do not approve it, appeal the decision.  You can keep them “dancing” for a while – just depends upon how far you want to take it.

If they DO NOT end the drug testing at that point it could cause even more black market businesses to appear just for the fact that they can’t fill the Industrial Complex with legal worker’s.

The Industrial Complex cannot afford to loose it’s slaves so therefore I do not think it would take too long to accomplish the goal of ending “drug testing” policies.

And just like everything else the poorest of the people will be the one’s affected the most in this decision and have to suffer the “worse” before it gets better.

BECAUSE, they do not drug test politicians nor doctors or lawyers….

I guess it comes down to the sad fact whether or not you want to have freedom and live on beans and soup, or be a slave and eat commercial hamburgers.

I do not want to suggest that everyone absent mindedly quit their jobs tomorrow with no plans on how to sustain themselves.  However, making alternative plans for an income is always a good idea regardless.

 

sheree

This has been “something to think about” ,

Smkrider

 

*According to Henriksson, the anti-drug appeals of the Reagan administration "created an environment in which many employers felt compelled to implement drug testing programs because failure to do so might be perceived as condoning drug use. This fear was easily exploited by aggressive marketing and sales forces, who often overstated the value of testing and painted a bleak picture of the consequences of failing to use the drug testing product or service being offered."[36] On March 10, 1986, the Commission on Organized Crime asked all U.S. companies to test employees for drug use. By 1987, nearly 25% of the Fortune 500 companies used drug tests.[37]

**THC and its major (inactive) metabolite, THC-COOH, can be measured in blood, urine, hair, oral fluid or sweat using chromatographic techniques as part of a drug use testing program or a forensic investigation of a traffic or other criminal offense.[91] The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use.

***Drug testing in order for potential recipients to receive welfare has become an increasingly controversial topic


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Prohibition DOES NOT work–Neither will “Legalization”…

Posted on November 22, 2013. Filed under: Activists Opinions, Rev. Mary Thomas-Spears | Tags: , , , , , , |


1441435_10201890566138871_826796541_n

DIVERSE SANCTUARY – REV. MARY THOMAS-SPEARS

MAKE IT LAWFUL – AMERICANS FOR CANNABIS

U.S. MARIJUANA PARTY – WE ARE ANTI-PROHIBITIONISTS!

Kentucky Cannabis Hemp Health Initiative 2013-2014

DE-SCHEDULE/REPEAL AND NULLIFY

REPEAL PROHIBITION – END THE WAR ON DRUGS

Make It Lawful

REPEAL THE CONTROLLED DRUGS AND SUBSTANCES ACT !

CANADIANS FOR REPEAL OF CANNABIS PROHIBITION !


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Kentucky has more lakes suspected of having toxic algae

Posted on October 13, 2013. Filed under: Attention, Ecology, Environment, Kentucky & KY State Gov., LATEST NEWS | Tags: , , , , |


 

 

 

LOUISVILLE, Ky. —Kentucky has seven lakes suspected of having excessive levels of toxic algae, but state officials aren’t revealing which bodies of water are being targeted for a second round of tests.

Kentucky environmental regulators are drawing water from the lakes for a second time for more rigorous laboratory analysis after initial samples showed concentrations of blue-green algae worthy of health advisories.

Kentucky Division of Water official Clark Dorman said the lakes involved in the most recent advisory aren’t run by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Five Corps-run lakes were the subject of a recent advisory.

Even though the state’s initial tests suggested health risks to the public, dogs and farm animals, state officials are declining to identify those water bodies.

 

Read more: http://www.wlky.com/news/local-news/louisville-news/ky-has-more-lakes-suspected-of-having-toxic-algae/-/9718340/22411324/-/x31yeb/-/index.html#ixzz2hZAxiMlo


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Kentucky Nerve Gas Arms Show Destroying Weapons Not Easy

Posted on September 21, 2013. Filed under: LATEST NEWS, Pollution/Global Warming | Tags: , , , , , |


Weapons armed with the same nerve gas used on Syrian citizens last month sit in grass-topped concrete bunkers at an Army depot in Kentucky, 20 years after the U.S. government promised to destroy them.

http://bloom.bg/18HxcNm   VIDEO LINK

Canisters of GB gas, commonly known as Sarin, are shown at the Blue Grass Army Depot in Richmond, Ky., in this Sept. 6, 2001 file photo. Photographer: Nancy Taggart/The Richmond Register via AP Photo

Sept. 19 (Bloomberg) — Secretary of State John Kerry speaks about United Nations and U.S. reports showing chemical weapons were used in Syria. Kerry, speaking in Washington, says the UN Security Council "must be prepared to act next week" to pass a resolution requiring President Bashar al-Assad’s regime to abide by terms of the U.S.-Russian agreement on the elimination of Syria’s chemical weapons. (Source: Bloomberg)

The bunkers, in a field at the Blue Grass Army Depot in Richmond, house rockets and other artillery holding 523 tons of the nerve agents VX and sarin in addition to flesh-blistering mustard gas. A partnership including San Francisco-based Bechtel National Inc. is building a plant to destroy them. It will open seven years from now and will dispose of the last weapon there three years later.

This week, as international monitors learn the size and makeup of the chemical weapons stockpile Syria has pledged to destroy by next year, the Blue Grass stash stands as a warning: Safe destruction of chemical weapons isn’t easy.

Related:

Syria’s promised pace would be ambitious even in a country without a civil war, said Michael Kuhlman, chief scientist for national security at the Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio which is working on the Blue Grass project 30 miles south of Lexington, home of the University of Kentucky.

“I found the time frame for Syria surprising,” Kuhlman said in an interview. ‘They are presumably starting from scratch in terms of destruction capability and the security situation there certainly isn’t going to expedite matters.’’

Syrian Commitment

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad affirmed his intentions in a Sept. 18 televised interview with Fox News. He said he would dispose of the weapons in about a year, with the guidance of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, based in the Hague, Netherlands. The group enforces the international chemical weapons treaty that Syria joined last week. The U.S. joined the accord in 1993.

Assad said he understood the destruction process is complicated and he’s been told it will cost about $1 billion.

The Syrian project’s speed will hinge on how much of its chemical agents are already inside weapons, as they are in Kentucky. The job is easier if they aren’t, Kuhlman said.

It will also depend on how the nation disposes of them. After the first Gulf War ended in 1991, Iraq burned its chemical weapons in a ditch. The U.S. imposes environmental discharge rules, and destruction of the Blue Grass weapons was delayed in large part because local residents opposed incinerating them and Congress forced the Defense Department to find another way.

U.S. Stockpile

The U.S. chemical weapons stockpile contained more than 30,000 tons of lethal chemicals when the country signed the international Chemical Weapons Convention in 1993, agreeing to destroy all of the weapons by last year. By comparison, Syria is estimated to have about 1,000 tons, Kuhlman said.

The U.S. chemical agents were stored at depots in Maryland, Arkansas, Utah, Indiana, Alabama, Colorado and Johnson Atoll, a territorial island in the South Pacific, in addition to the 14,500-acre Blue Grass site.

The Defense Department had been experimenting with ways of destroying the weapons before the U.S. signed the treaty, including dumping some of them at sea. In 1984, the Pentagon and the National Research Council, an arm of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, endorsed incineration as the best method.

That, too, is a slow process, said Kuhlman. Construction on an incinerator at Deseret Chemical Depot in Utah, which held 45 percent of the nation’s chemical weapons stockpile, started in 1989. Testing began in 1994, and it became operational in 1996, he said. It took two years to destroy a supply of nerve-agent weapons that was similar to the size of Syria’s estimated stockpile. The entire Utah project took 15 years.

Last Stashes

The U.S. met the treaty deadline at seven of nine sites, destroying 90 percent of its chemical stockpile. Most of the work was completed within the past few years.

The Blue Grass depot and a second depot near Pueblo, Colorado are the two left with chemical arsenals.

The cost of the entire disposal process, once completed, is estimated to be $35 billion, $10.6 billion of which will be spent in Kentucky and Colorado, according to Defense Department spokeswoman Jennifer Elzea and the Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives website, the agency responsible for destroying the weapons at the remaining depots.

The Colorado site has 2,600 tons of mustard gas inside more than 800,000 weapons. The 523 tons of mustard gas and nerve agents in Kentucky are inside 101,000 weapons, according to Craig Williams, 65, who is co-chairman of the Chemical Destruction Citizens Advisory Board for the Blue Grass project.

Railroad Delivery

The Kentucky site has been storing mustard gas for years. The first shipment of nerve-agent rockets arrived in 1961, said Lloyd Anglin, of Berea, who worked on the depot’s engineering staff at the time.

The rockets came in a locked boxcar, which sat on a railroad spur for four days under armed guard as the engineering team rushed to build a facility “to unload whatever it was,” said Anglin, now 90. “The armed guards were there 24-7. Nobody knew what it was except the brass.”

The shipments arrived regularly after that and the team learned that they contained agents that would kill on contact. Anglin helped seal some of the rockets in concrete-filled caskets, which were then put on a ship in Wilmington, North Carolina and dropped into the Atlantic Ocean. Most stayed in the earth under grass-topped, domed concrete bunkers called igloos, which are laid out in a widely spaced grid. Deer grazed there and some died, Anglin said, if they ate too close to a monitor vent at a bunker with “leakers.” Security fencing around the area has since been improved.

Rabbit Air-Monitors

A bunny hutch housed a critical part of the monitoring system. A trio of rabbits spent the night in any bunker scheduled for human inspection, which went forward if they survived.

“I would put one in the back, one in the center and one in the front, then leave them there overnight,” Anglin said. “The next day, if the rabbits were OK, we’d go in. Once in a while, you’d get a dead rabbit,” Anglin said.

The government no longer uses animals as air monitors, Elzea said in an e-mail.

Most depot neighbors knew nothing of the weapons. They learned of their existence after the Defense Department announced plans to incinerate the deadly chemicals in 1984, according to Williams, 65, the advisory board member.

Convinced that burning them could spread contaminants accidentally, the community fought with the Army for the next 12 years. Houses and a school were a little more than a mile from the depot site, Williams said: “It’s not like we’re in the middle of the desert here.”

Congressional Action

The fight ended in 1996 when Congress passed a law requiring the Pentagon to investigate alternative technologies. Williams blames the Defense Department for the delay. “They decided how they were going to do it without consulting with the community,” he said.

Alternative disposal technologies now are on track to be used at both the Kentucky and Colorado depots.

In Colorado, a factory that will destroy the mustard gas arsenal will be complete in 2015, and the last weapons will be annihilated in 2019.

In Kentucky, the partnership of Bechtel National and Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group Inc., of Pasadena, California, is building a robotized plant that will separate the chemicals from the weapons, then turn them into water, carbon dioxide and salts, using a combination of heat, water, caustics and pressure. The last weapon will be gone in 2023.

To contact the reporter on this story: Margaret Newkirk in Atlanta, Georgia at mnewkirk@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Stephen Merelman at smerelman@bloomberg.net

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